Punaluu Beach or Black Sand Beach
Punaluu Beach or Black Sand
Punaluu Beach, also known as the Black Sand
Beach, is located between Naalehu and Pahala
in Hawaii. The sand on the beach is made
black by basalt which is created by lave
flowing into the sea. As the hot molten
rocks hit the ocean, an explosion occurs
before the lava cools. This geologic and
volcanic activity is in Hawaii’s Volcanoes
Large amounts of fresh water flow from
underground streams to the ocean. The water
from these underground systems are very
cold, and as it mixes with the ocean, it
looks similar to gasoline mixing
with water. According to
Hawaiian legends, people from the early
times used to dive to these underground
channels to get fresh water.
The black sand beach is often visited by
Green Sea Turtles and Hawksbill Turtles. The
bask on the beach, and
people are supposed to remain at a distance
of fifteen feet from the turtles.
It is also prohibited to
take volcanic rocks and black sand from the
Punaluu Beach. Legends say that those who
take away rocks or sand from the beach will
be cursed by Pele, the volcano goddess.
Swimming can be very dangerous at Punaluu
Beach because it is very rocky.